There is no good reason why a graphic like this should cause controversy, but I know it will: people will complain that a novelette is the same thing as a novella, or that micro fiction is the same thing as flash fiction, or that I made up the category for Russian Novel (okay, that last one is true. I did make it up. But isn’t it a good term? Let’s keep it.)
But stop your complaining. I think we need a term that indicates the stuff smaller than flash fiction, the under 50 stories or under 100 word stories. And I also think we need a term for that space between a short story and a proper novella.
So there you have it. Want to argue with me? I eagerly await your insights in the comments.
Mind the Gaps: I really don’t think the skull and crossbones is an exaggeration if you’re writing fiction that doesn’t fall inside these parameters. I mean, it’s hard enough to place a novella somewhere, but even harder to find something that doesn’t fall inside these word lengths. It’s the kiss of death.
It’s difficult to teach pacing, which is why it’s so difficult to do well. The best way to get a sense of pacing is to read a ton of stuff in the length you want to write, or to
Oprah has a great list of micro-fictions under 300 words, with authors like A.M Homes and Anna Deavere Smith.
Novelette is a weird category. Some people who are publishing novellas are really looking for both novelettes and novellas, but a good chunk of publishers (especially those releasing stand-alone books) are looking for proper novellas, none of this 12k word length. I could have skipped it and just labelled it under the umbrella of novella, but I think it’s helpful to realize that stuff under 15k or 20k is probably better for an online publisher or for a literary journal or chapbook than for a publisher looking for proper novellas.
I think we need a category for the gigantic novel. I mean, War and Peace length, Infinite Jest length, In Search of Lost Time length. Those things aren’t novels. They are entirely different beasts. In fact, Vulture published an essay announcing that 2015 was “The Year of the Very Long Novel.” Examples from 2015:
- 704-page “A Brief History of Seven Killings” by Marlon James
- 746-page “A Little Life” by Hanya Yanagihara
- 944-page “City on Fire” by Garth Risk Hallberg
- 1376-page “The Dying Grass” by William Vollmann
Think about other recent examples. The 4-tome series (which is really just one book) by Elena Ferrante called The Neapolitan novels. Or check out Karl Ove Knausgaard’s gigantic “My Struggle,” which is really one book split into many books. If these series weren’t split into multiple books for marketing reasons, we would have even more examples of books that surpass the 1000+ word mark.
Some people have called this the Very Long Novel. (VLN). I think we can do better than that. The Doorstopper Novel? The Epic Novel? The Hole-Up-For-Two-Weeks novel? Russian Novel is my tongue-in-cheek way of approaching it. I mean, Tolstoy’s “War and Peace” is 1300 pages and Dostoevsky’s “Brothers Karamazov” is over 800 pages (depending on translations, obviously). They kind of pioneered the whole long novel shindig.